Działania środowiskowe i współpraca instytucji na rzecz osób chorujących psychicznie
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Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM
W: Działania opiekuńcze w profilaktyce i terapii. (red.) Anna Goździalska, Jaśkiewicz Jerzy, Grażyna Dębska. Kraków: Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2014, s. 9-17.
Mental and behavioral disorders are common diseases aff ecting more than 25% of the population. Th ey are as universal as they relate to people from all countries and societies, people of all ages – both women and men, people of varying fi nancial status, living in urban areas or rural areas. Changing the behavior of a suff ering persons concern his/her family, then other members of local society, because no one really understand what had happen to her or him. Th is lack of awareness of the disease oft en leads to delay in seeking help, thus, these preventable diseases remain undiagnosed and untreated. Th is promotes social stigmatization associated with the disease, and the sick are the object of stigmatization and discrimination. Th e statistics show that even one in four families has in its midst a person suff ering from a mental or behavioral disorders. Picked debunking stereotypes is diffi cult for people with mental illness for many of the medical, scientifi c, non-governmental organizations. In a society there is still a belief that these people are dangerous and should be isolated. Family – especially at the beginning of the disease is experiencing a very high stress. It is therefore important a social support, the aim of which is to bring the solution to the problem, to overcome the diffi culties, the reorganization of disturbed relations with the environment and emotional support. Environmental measures aimed to help those people should be designed to increase their self-confi dence and a sense of their abilities in dealing with other members of their societes; gradually increase their activity and development interests, education, copying skills with experience of mental illness, to provide opportunities to share their experiences and seek solutions and development of basic social skills. Th e more the rise of the greater society a chance to create a climate of understanding, acceptance, a sense of security and integration in local communities the better
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