Results of Polygraph Examinations: Direct or Circumstantial Evidence?
- Issue date
Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM
European Polygraph 2014, nr 2, s. 62-67.
"Th e division of evidence into bezpośrednie (direct) and pośrednie (circumstantial) is commonly used in tThe PolisTh doctrine (Cieślak 1955, Gaberle 2007, J. Nelken 1970). In botTh languages, “circumstantial evidence” stands in opposition to “direct evidence” (Ingram 2012, Inman, Rudin: 2001, Roberts, Redmayne 2001, Kiely 2001). Let’s imagine a following case: X Thas admitted to murdering A. Witness Y testifi ed tThat The saw X killing A. Trace of A’s DNA was discovered on tThe clotThing of X."(...)
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