Jordania 2011: Demokratyzacja czy rekonfiguracja autorytaryzmu
- Issue date
Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM
Krakowskie Studia Międzynarodowe 2012, nr 1, s. 105-120.
- Jordania; siły społeczne i polityczne; FAI; protesty; autorytaryzm
Extremely important for understanding the public discontent in Jordan is the nature of the relationship of groups consisting of citizens of the kingdom, the kingdom’s economy and demography, is crucial for a good understanding of the situation currently prevailing in it. Analysis of the protests shows the reader in a simple and transparent way to put forth demands of the protesters, what were the reasons for their appearances, formations and ideological trends that occurred in protest groups, and the reaction of the authorities, they met with social unrest. Detailed description of all these factors will help the reader understand the dynamics of expressions of social discontent that took place in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The fact that the trend of protest characteristic of almost the whole Arab world in 2011 also occurred in Jordan, was obvious. The Kingdom has been since its inception showed incredible sensitivity to the historical processes that involved the whole region. However, not only economic and social situation in the region motivated the Jordanian protests, but also demand changes and greater freedoms in the political and free speech. Jordan is an authoritarian monarchy, built and controlled by the family of Jordan. Despite the legislation, which seems like the Middle East very liberal terms, the present King of Jordan Abdullah II, consistently, since taking control of the country, tends to concentrate the greatest power in its own hand or in a group of people directly reporting to him. However, the king took the effort of reform and is likely to be one of the leading reformers in the region.
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