High tea consumption diminishes salivary 17beta-estradiol concetration in Polish women
- Issue date
Cambridge University Press
British Journal of Nutrition 2006, nr 95, s.989-995.
the State Committee for Scientific Research, Warsaw, Poland, project No. 3 P05E 016 25 and 6 P05D 112 20, the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Study, Harvard University and the Norwegian Cancer Society.
We hypothesized that among reproductive-age women consuming large quantities of tea, the production of estradiol would be suppressed. It has been shown that catechins and theaflavines, the major constituents of tea, inhibit aromatase, an enzyme which catalyses the conversion of androgens to estrogens. Our study included Polish women living in urban (N=61) and rural (N=48) areas. Women collected daily saliva samples for one complete menstrual cycle and filled out dietary questionnaires. Saliva samples were analyzed by radioimmunoassay for concentration of 17-β estradiol (E2). Women with high (above the median) average daily consumption of black tea had reduced levels of salivary E2, in comparison with women who drank less black tea (below median). This effect was observed within the whole study group, as well as separately within urban (p = 0.0006) and rural (p = 0.013) groups. High intake of the sum of subclasses of tea catechins and epigallocatechin gallate, assessed using the USDA database [http://www.nal.usda.gov], was also associated with lower concentrations of E2 within all women (p = 0.01 and p = 0.0001, respectively) and within the urban group (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.004, respectively). Similar relationships were observed between the sum of subclasses of theaflavines and thearubigines and E2 levels for the whole group (p = 0.002) and for urban women (p = 0.02). Women with high consumption of tea had lower levels of E2 concentration throughout the entire menstrual cycle. These results may have implications for reducing hormone-related cancer risk by a relatively easy dietary intervention.
Artykuł recenzowany / peer-reviewed article
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