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PozycjaPaństwo i Społeczeństwo nr 4, 2011(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2011) Waniek, Danuta; Piechota, Grażyna; Godowska, Magdalena; Momot, Magdalena; Majorek, Marta; du Vall, Marta; Pomykalska, Beata; Rydliński, Bartosz; Janik, Krzysztof; Wojniak, Justyna; Majorek, Marta; du Vall, Marta; Majchrowski, JacekPublikowane teksty dotykają szerokiej płaszczyzny rozważań politologicznych. Pole badawcze zakreślić należy poczynając od uwarunkowań rodzimej polityki, poprzez zagadnienia społeczno--gospodarcze, a skończywszy na kwestiach międzynarodowych. Publikacja podzielona została na trzy obszary: państwo, społeczeństwo, świat, których uzupełnieniem jest dział recenzji. PozycjaPraca projektowa w dydaktyce języków obcych – alternatywa czy codzienność?(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2016) Kusiak-Pisowacka, MonikaThe aim of the article is to discuss the role of project work in teaching foreign languages in Polish junior secondary schools. Project work is presented as a technique successfully activating and motivating learners, allowing educators to implement the principles of the constructivist approach. The author presents reports on two studies that explored how this way of teaching is applied in Polish junior secondary education. The results of the studies confi rm the eff ectiveness of project work in teaching English as a foreign language and underline the need for creating better school conditions to use this valuable technique. The author of the paper hopes that the text will encourage teachers to treat this technique as a regular class activity, not only as an interesting didactic experiment. PozycjaSuwerenne państwo pod nadzorem. Rzeczywistość polityczna Bośni i Hercegowiny 17 lat po Dayton(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2011) Pomykalska, BeataThe article presents the political, social, ethnical and economic situation in Bosnia-Herzegovina 15 years after the signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The agreement officially finished the war in this country. The goal of this article is to describe the complexity of the internal situation and the problems of the construction of a stable and independent state. The article discusses an extremely complicated political system, that was imposed in the peace agreement, which alongside with different political businesses of three constitutional nations is leading to the decision-making paralysis and makes stable ruling is making impossible. The role of the High Representative UN/EU was also described. The role is to coordinate the activity of international community and is indeed exercising the sovereign power in the state contributing to therecognition that Bosnia, although is an independent and sovereign state, actually became an international protectorate. Various opinions about the effectiveness of the High Representative and the legitimacy of taken actions were presented. The fact that (between 1992–2004) NATO forces (executing military missions) and (from 2004) European forces (executing civil-military missions) stationed in Bosnia-Herzegovina is not without meaning. The author is also paying attention to the fact that a complicated and strained ethnic situation is a source of stagnation in BiH and individual constitutional nations have completely different expectations and political businesses which is making impossible to form a civil nation (national) and is still jeopardizing the state’s territorial integrity. PozycjaTechnologie informacyjne i komunikacyjne w procesie budowania autonomii oraz rozwijania językowej kompetencji komunikacyjnej studentów(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2016) Kościńska, AgnieszkaLanguage use that results from communicative language competence is not only about proper production and reception of various texts. It is also refl ected in interactions and mediations between people. Hence, ensuring balanced and continuous development of communicative competence during foreign language classes, as well as identifi cation of additional forms of improving it (which also aff ects the development of learner autonomy) are challenges for teachers of foreign languages. One of the ways that can help to achieve these goals is the use of ICT in teaching. The article presents the results of a study conducted among foreign-language teachers working in Krakow universities. The goal of the study was to determine whether and, if so, what actions that include the use of ICT teachers take to support the autonomy of learners, and, as a result, to increase the communicative language competence of their students. The results of the study are a contribution to the analysis of the system of foreign language teaching in higher education institutions in the constantly evolving technological reality.