Gender in politics. Prospects and recommendations
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Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
W: Statistical profiles of women’s and men’s status in the economy, science and society. (red.) Ewa Okoń-Horodyńska, Anna Zachorowska-Mazurkiewicz. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2016, s. 67-89.
Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju
Th is study focuses on the issue of participation of women in politics, particularly in the area of gender equality in governance and access to the resources associated with it. Th e results available show an increase in women’s participation in political life. Th ere are defi nitely more women applying for offi ces and many of them achieve success. Indubitably, the easily discernible progress is overshadowed by the continuing gender gap, manifested in persistent, lower participation of women. In this chapter, it is primarily quantitative data and reports that have been considered, and analysis of the results available enables us to present the changes in the representation of women in political decision-making circles both at the national and supra- -national levels. We have analysed the data describing the situation in Poland, the Nordic countries, and the European Union. In the context of initiatives for equal representation of women in representative bodies exercising functions and decision-making, it is worth noting that, even in countries which have achieved a satisfactory level in terms of numbers, this is not fully refl ected in the implementation of gender equality in the area of politics. Th is is because the practice, oft en used, is to limit access to certain areas of political activism. Th ere is still a well- -established social, stereotypical division into areas traditionally “reserved” for representatives of both sexes, such as social aff airs or education.
Praca recenzowana / peer-reviewed paper
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