Taking gender seriously. Present trends and recommendation for scientfic environment
- Issue date
Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
W: Statistical profiles of women’s and men’s status in the economy, science and society. (red.) Ewa Okoń-Horodyńska, Anna Zachorowska-Mazurkiewicz. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2016, s. 47-66.
Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju
This report deals with the issues of women’s participation in the science and research sector. Analysis of the statistical data shows that both in the United States and in Europe, despite the fact that women make up almost half of those receiving a doctoral degree, among professors they are barely one-fifth. This issue is presented in geographical terms, divided into the countries of the European Union, Poland and Scandinavia. Common to them is the situation in which women scientists encounter more barriers than similarly qualified men on their career path. In Poland, too, despite a significant increase in the number of women studying at the further stages of the scientific career, the situation of women is not satisfactory. The last part of the paper is devoted to the policy of the Nordic countries in eliminating the phenomenon of gender inequality in the scientific sector. Although the countries in this region all run their own policy on gender balance in society, they are conducting a far-reaching consultation on a common strategy in this area, and action on gender equality in the Nordic scientific research sector is based primarily on anti-discrimination legislation. The solutions adopted in this region and the guidelines of European institutions will be treated as a kind of reference point for action to eliminate inequalities based on gender in the scientific sector.
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