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PozycjaFamily - Health - Disease(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2016) Bramušková, Jarmila; Balogová, Eva; Spodniaková, Miroslava; Gerlichová, Katarina; Matišáková, Iveta; Zichová, Miroslava; Goździalska, Anna; Shvediuk, Tetiana; Karasiewicz, Adrian; Kowalewska, Marta; Kadučáková, Helena; Jaśkiewicz, Jerzy; Jaśkiewicz, Jerzy; Dębska, Grażyna; Ławska, Wioletta; Kudlová, Pavla; Kutnohorská, Jana; Tomaszewska, Katarzyna; Lemańska, Dorota; Vanková, Beáta; Milaniak, Irena; Raková, Jana; Hudáková, Paulína; Valentová, Katarina; Šupínová, Mária; Gurín, Daniel; Bramušková, Jarmila; Miksaiová, Anna; Verešová, Jarmila; Krátká, Anna; Dębska, Grażyna; Jaśkiewicz, JerzyThis publication includes opinion and research papers written by authors with academic backgrounds from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. The monograph consists of 14 chapters and the order of them refers to the relationship between the family and the health of its members. The first seven texts concern children’s health problems. The next two concern widely defined issues of nutrition and adult nursing. The next four discuss health issues of the elderly, while the last describes the dilemma of bereaved family members who have to decide about organ donation. The individual chapters show different aspects of family participation in the treatment and care of children, the elderly, the chronically ill, and the disabled. The discussed topics are a part of the wider issue of social medicine. A very important issue is the interdisciplinary problem of interaction between health and illness and their influence on the family, which is on one hand embedded in medical science, while on the other hand it refers to the social sciences, especially family sociology, psychology, pedagogy, and also social policy to some extent. The authors of the monograph also discuss the issue of life quality of the elderly living in domestic environments and the health and social problems they face. The authors also analyse the role of nurses in promoting health, such as immunisation, rational nutrition, and ethical aspects such as the screening of newborns. This monograph is addressed to all who work or want to work with families and support them in the difficult challenges posed by disease. The authors hope the monograph will increase understanding and familiarity with the health problems of relatives. PozycjaWypalenie zawodowe personelu więziennego jako efekt dyspozycyjnej i sytuacyjnej oceny stresu(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2015) Czekaj, KatarzynaThis article deals with the problem of professional burnout among correctional facilities workers (such as pedagogues, teachers, psychologists and prison officers) as being particularly vulnerable to this phenomenon. In this paper professional burnout has been dealt with twofold, i.e. as a result of dispositional as well as situational evaluation of stress. In the former case, professional burnout is connected with the way an individual functions in his/her working environment with various strategies of dealing with occupational stress. Individual features and characteristic ways of coping with stress at work have been taken into consideration. It has been found that both personal predispositions and individual approach to the assigned tasks are important predicates of burnout. Following on from this, a set of potential features that prison offi cers should be characterised by has been described. In the context of situational infl uence on stress, the description of a workplace plays a crucial role as it is an institution, which, very peculiar in its character, may bring about stressful situations that, in turn, may lead to burnout, no matter what individual strategies of overcoming diffi cult situations have been applied. The article describes situations that might infl uence the cognitive evaluation of an individual as stressful situations, it also presents features that can possibly lower the stress and those are controllability and predictability of the incident. Finally, it has been emphasised how important it is to prevent the workers particularly vulnerable to burnout from such situations as early as possible. It might be helpful to be familiar with the potential stress factors at work and to be equipped with professional diagnostic tools which will distinguish the features and the personality types exceptionally susceptible to burnout, remembering at the same time that burnout is a special phenomenon that should not be mistaken with experiencing stress at work, fatigue, alienation or depression.