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PozycjaField administrative bodies of the Polish army in matters of food requisitioning during the November Uprising in 1830–1831(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2022) Konarski, MarcinThe article concerns the organisation and activities of the army food administration, which for most of the time during the November Uprising was carried out by the Army General Commissariat Service. During the 10 months of the uprising, the food administration underwent several organisational changes, and its execution was entrusted to various bodies. The discussion undertaken is related to issues concerning the organisation of this administration, with particular emphasis on the characteristics of the activity of its field administrative apparatus, which was entrusted to War Commissioners at individual army divisions and to Regional Commissioners as civilian requisitioning bodies in individual administrative regions which were links of the army’s food administration. On the other hand, in order to make the food requisitions enacted by the Sejm in June 1831 effective and rapid, Extraordinary Commissioners were established and entrusted with their supervision. In addition to the description of the powers conferred on all these officers, the author analyses the legal procedure applied by them to the requisitioning of food and fodder for the army against the background of events at the time. PozycjaStudia z Dziejów Państwa i Prawa Polskiego T. XXV 2022 Badania nad rozwojem instytucji politycznych i prawnych(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2022) Michalik, Piotr; Konarski, Marcin; Witek-Mioduszewska, Katarzyna; Rosa, Wacław; Głuszak, Marcin; Mielnik, Hubert; Cichoń, Paweł; Machut-Kowalczyk, Joanna; Wiśniewska, Dorota; Zywert, Eryk; Zieliński, Piotr; Radkowska-Gizelska, Małgorzata; Kaźmierczyk, Aneta; Ulicki, Bogusław PozycjaThe scope and meaning of the term “police” in the political literature of the late Republic of Nobles(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2020) Malec, JerzyThe term “police” (Polish: policja) derives from the Greek politeia, originally meaning the state system. Starting in the fifteenth century, and especially in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, it became synonymous with the word “administration” sensu largo. In Poland, from the eighteenth century onwards, despite the lack of reception of the principles of the Western European police science, it also began to be used in this sense. Attempts to defi ne “police” were made by Polish political writers, from Stanisław Leszczyński to the authors of the political reform of the state at the Four-Year Sejm. The term was understood broadly, in the case of most writers as meaning the internal order of the state, but also in the sense of the so-called service administration, thus the fi re police, building police, medical police, road police, etc., i.e. everything that contributed to the welfare of society. The administration of justice was oft en included in the scope of police responsibilities. Both supporters and opponents of state reform, admirers of the republican form of government and proponents of the idea of a strong state modelled on absolute monarchies wrote about the police. Most Polish authors, however, understood the police not as a means to strengthen state power, but as a way to ensure “proper order”, i.e., security, peace and the comfort of the public.